ERIC Number: EJ1060991
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
Pilot Testing a Cognitive-Behavioral Protocol on Psychosocial Predictors of Exercise, Nutrition, Weight, and Body Satisfaction Changes in a College-Level Health-Related Fitness Course
Annesi, James J.; Howton, Amy; Johnson, Ping H.; Porter, Kandice J.
Journal of American College Health, v63 n4 p268-278 2015
Objective: Small-scale pilot testing of supplementing a required college health-related fitness course with a cognitive-behavioral exercise-support protocol (The Coach Approach). Participants: Three classes were randomly assigned to Usual processes (n = 32), Coach Approach-supplemented: Mid-size Groups (n = 32), and Coach Approach-supplemented: Small Groups (n = 34) conditions. Methods: Repeated-measures analyses of variance (ANOVAs) assessed overall and between-class changes in the behavioral/physiological factors of exercise, fruit/vegetable intake, and body mass index (BMI); and the psychosocial factors of self-regulation, exercise self-efficacy, mood, and body satisfaction. Dependent t tests evaluated within-class changes. Multiple regression analyses tested prediction of exercise by changes in self-regulation, self-efficacy, and mood. Results: Significant improvements in self-regulation and fruit/vegetable intake were found in all classes. The Coach Approach-supplemented classes demonstrated significant increases in exercise. Significant improvements in BMI, self-efficacy, and body satisfaction were found in only The Coach Approach-supplemented: Small Groups class. Psychosocial changes predicted increased exercise. Self-regulation was the strongest contributor. Conclusions: Overall, results were positive and warrant more comprehensive testing.
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Physical Fitness, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Intervention, Psychological Patterns, Social Influences, Predictor Variables, Exercise, Nutrition, Body Weight, Body Composition, Self Concept, Coaching (Performance), Statistical Analysis, Food, Eating Habits, Multiple Regression Analysis, Self Control, Life Style, Self Efficacy, Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis, Attitude Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Profile of Mood States