ERIC Number: EJ1060743
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Should Test Anxiety Be Measured Differently for Males and Females? Examination of Measurement Bias across Gender on Measures of Test Anxiety for Middle and High School, and College Students
Lowe, Patricia A.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v33 n3 p238-246 Jun 2015
The present study examined measurement invariance across gender and gender differences on two measures of test anxiety developed for U.S. middle and high school, and college students. It was hypothesized that measurement invariance and gender differences would be found on the two measures of test anxiety, suggesting no separate scoring system is needed for males and females and that gender differences reported reflect true differences on the underlying trait. The results of four confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and two multi-group CFAs indicated that the measures of test anxiety were invariant across gender. In addition, internal consistency reliability estimates were found to be similar for males and females on each measure. Furthermore, gender differences were reported on the test anxiety measures. Implications of the findings for researchers and practitioners are discussed.
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Affective Measures, Gender Differences, Test Bias, Middle School Students, High School Students, College Students, Factor Analysis, Measurement, Test Reliability
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A