ERIC Number: EJ1060216
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Relationships between Academic Stress, Social Support, Optimism-Pessimism and Self-Esteem in College Students
Fernández-González, L.; González-Hernández, A.; Trianes-Torres, M. V.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v13 n1 p111-130 Apr 2015
Introduction: This research aims to analyse how optimism, self-esteem and social support help to predict academic stress. Method: The sample consisted of 123 students aged 20 to 31 years old, from the 3rd Year in the Psychology Degree. Students completed the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Life Orientation Optimism Questionnaire (LOT-R), the Frequency and Satisfaction with Social Support Questionnaire and the Student Stress Inventory-Stress Manifestation (SSI-SM). Three linear regression analyses were conducted, each on a different variable: manifestations of physiological, behavioral and emotional stress. The predictor variables were: optimism, pessimism, self-esteem and frequency and satisfaction with social (emotional, instrumental and informational) support. Results: Results showed that the physiological manifestations of stress are not predicted by the used predictor variables, while there is significant proof that the behavioral manifestations of stress are predicted by satisfaction with instrumental social support and optimism. There is significant proof that the emotional manifestations of stress are predicted by optimism and pessimism. As for self-esteem, it did not prove to be significant. Finally, a MANOVA analysis was conducted, showing the main effects to be optimism, satisfaction with instrumental support, age and gender. Discussion: The hypotheses of the study have been partially met.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Stress Variables, Anxiety, Social Support Groups, Psychological Patterns, Positive Attitudes, Negative Attitudes, Self Esteem, Predictor Variables, Satisfaction, Questionnaires, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Regression (Statistics), Multivariate Analysis
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site: http://www.investigacion-psicopedagogica.org/revista/new/english/presentacion.php
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale