ERIC Number: EJ1060140
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
Disruption of Relational Processing Underlies Poor Memory for Order
Jonker, Tanya R.; MacLeod, Colin M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n3 p831-840 May 2015
McDaniel and Bugg (2008) proposed that relatively uncommon stimuli and encoding tasks encourage elaborative encoding of individual items (item-specific processing), whereas relatively typical or common encoding tasks encourage encoding of associations among list items (relational processing). It is this relational processing that is thought to result in better memory for the serial order of a study list. We report 4 experiments examining memory for order demonstrating that (a) both semantic and orthographic tasks can impair memory for order when performed on individual items, (b) item-specific processing is not necessary for impairment because even an item-generic key press task harms memory for order, (c) impaired memory for order is due primarily to distraction during the processing of an item rather than between list items, and (d) even an unusual processing task will preserve memory for order as long as that task encourages the encoding of item-to-item relations. These findings suggest that an encoding task will disrupt order memory only when it is both attention grabbing (either through its atypicality or by requiring an overt response) and nonrelational.
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Processes, Semantics, Interference (Learning), Time Perspective, College Students, Foreign Countries, Word Lists, Word Order, Orthographic Symbols, Silent Reading, Visual Stimuli, Statistical Analysis, Oral Reading
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada