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ERIC Number: EJ1059824
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0094-0771
Middle School Girls and the "Leaky Pipeline" to Leadership
Shapiro, Mary; Grossman, Diane; Carter, Suzanne; Martin, Karyn; Deyton, Patricia; Hammer, Diane
Middle School Journal, v46 n5 p3-13 May 2015
Why do girls perform so well academically yet lose ground as professional women? This diminishing number of women up the leadership hierarchy is often referred to as the "leaky pipeline," and attributed to many factors: external ones such as work environments not conducive to work/life balance, and internal ones such as women's own leadership aspirations (Eagly & Carli, 2007). How early does that "leak" begin? Though much research has focused on college-age and adult women, little quantitative analysis has been done with younger girls. The purpose of this research is to study middle school girls to determine whether limiting factors in relation to career opportunities, expectations, and self-beliefs might emerge as early as 10 to 12 years of age. The authors also sought to understand how middle school curricula, programs, and educators might be empowered with specific knowledge to counteract or mitigate these factors. To that end, this research examines what middle schoolers think about careers and what factors may influence their nascent aspirations. Researchers also wanted to know what impact, if any, single-sex environments, here proxied by membership in one organization, the Girl Scouts, might have on young girls' career goals.
Association for Middle Level Education. 4151 Executive Parkway Suite 300, Westerville, OH 43081. Tel: 800-528-6672; Tel: 800-528-6672; Fax: 614-895-4750; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 7; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York; Pennsylvania
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A