ERIC Number: EJ1059495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Consequences of Co-Occurring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on Children's Language Impairments
Redmond, Sean M.; Ash, Andrea C.; Hogan, Tiffany P.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v46 n2 p68-80 Apr 2015
Purpose: Co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and communication disorders represent a frequently encountered challenge for school-based practitioners. The purpose of the present study was to examine in more detail the clinical phenomenology of co-occurring ADHD and language impairments (LIs). Method: Measures of nonword repetition, sentence recall, and tense marking were collected from 57 seven-to nine-year-old children. The performances of children with ADHD+LI status were compared with those of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with typical development (TD). Results: ADHD status had no independent detrimental impact on the affected children's LIs (SLI = ADHD+LI < TD). A modest positive correlation was found between the severity of children's ADHD symptoms and their sentence recall performance, suggesting a tendency for affected children who had higher levels of ADHD symptoms to perform better than those children with lower levels. Conclusion: These outcomes are difficult to reconcile with attention-deficit/information-processing accounts of the core deficits associated with SLI. Potential protective mechanisms associated with ADHD status are discussed.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Language Impairments, Comorbidity, Children, Comparative Analysis, Repetition, Recall (Psychology), Morphemes, Correlation, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Severity (of Disability), Phenomenology
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://lshss.asha.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R03DC008382|R01DC011023