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ERIC Number: EJ1059386
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0039-8322
Bottom-Up or Top-Down: English as a Foreign Language Vocabulary Instruction for Chinese University Students
Moskovsky, Christo; Jiang, Guowu; Libert, Alan; Fagan, Seamus
TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, v49 n2 p256-277 Jun 2015
Whereas there has been some research on the role of bottom-up and top-down processing in the learning of a second or foreign language, very little attention has been given to bottom-up and top-down instructional approaches to language teaching. The research reported here used a quasi-experimental design to assess the relative effectiveness of two modes of academic English vocabulary instruction, bottom-up and top-down, to Chinese university students (N = 120). The participants, divided into two groups--bottom-up and top-down--were exposed to 48 hours of explicit vocabulary instruction. Their achievement was measured with two vocabulary tests, Academic Vocabulary Size and Controlled Productive Knowledge, administered at the start (T1) and at the end (T2) of the treatment. Analyses of the test scores reveal that at T2 the bottom-up group slightly outperformed the top-down one on both vocabulary size and controlled productive knowledge. With respect to the former, the bottom-up group's superiority was found to be statistically significant, although with a relatively small effect size (?[superscript 2] = 0.05).
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China