ERIC Number: EJ1059286
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Effect of Training Japanese L1 Speakers in the Production of American English /r/ Using Spectrographic Visual Feedback
Patten, Iomi; Edmonds, Lisa A.
Computer Assisted Language Learning, v28 n3 p241-259 2015
The present study examines the effects of training native Japanese speakers in the production of American /r/ using spectrographic visual feedback. Within a modified single-subject design, two native Japanese participants produced single words containing /r/ in a variety of positions while viewing live spectrographic feedback with the aim of producing /r/ with a third formant (F3) frequency of less than 2300 Hz (upper threshold for identifiable /r/). Feedback was gradually reduced to promote independent production and monitoring. Both participants showed improvement in /r/ production in trained and untrained single words as indicated by percentage increases and effect sizes. Blind ratings by independent experts indicated significant /r/ production improvements during the reading of the Rainbow Passage. Perceptual distinction of /r/ and /l/ in minimal pairs also showed an upward trend. These findings suggest that spectrographic visual feedback is a promising method for training /r/ to Japanese-speaking English language learners.
Descriptors: Japanese, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Visual Stimuli, Feedback (Response), Teaching Methods, Phonology, Phonemes, Articulation (Speech), Cues, Adults, Training, Pronunciation, Audio Equipment, Pretests Posttests, Oral Reading, Repetition, Prompting, Listening, Instructional Effectiveness, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Accuracy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A