ERIC Number: EJ1059115
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
How Do Groups Work? Age Differences in Performance and the Social Outcomes of Peer Collaboration
Leman, Patrick J.
Cognitive Science, v39 n4 p804-820 May 2015
Do children derive different benefits from group collaboration at different ages? In the present study, 183 children from two age groups (8.8 and 13.4 years) took part in a class quiz as members of a group, or individually. In some groups, cohesiveness was made salient by awarding prizes to the top performing groups. In other groups, prizes were awarded to the best performing individuals. Findings, both in terms of social outcomes and performance in the quiz, indicated that the 8-year olds viewed the benefits of group membership in terms of the opportunities to receive information from other members. The 13-year olds, in contrast, viewed group collaboration as a constructive process where success was connected with group cohesiveness.
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Cooperative Learning, Age Differences, Children, Early Adolescents, Tests, Rewards, Social Influences, Performance, Student Attitudes, Group Membership, Teamwork, Success, Group Dynamics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A