ERIC Number: EJ1059040
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Emergence of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children from Simplex Families: Relations to Parental Perceptions of Etiology
Goin-Kochel, Robin P.; Mire, Sarah S.; Dempsey, Allison G.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1451-1463 May 2015
Current research describes a four-category scheme of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) onset: early, regressive, plateau, delay + regression. To replicate prevalence of different onset types, ASD onset (per the "Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised") was examined in a large North American sample; for a subset, parents' causal beliefs were ascertained via the "Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire" to examine potential associations with ASD-onset types. Onset rates were similar across samples, with a slightly higher proportion of children in the subsample categorized with regression. Top-rated causes of ASD were genetics, brain structure, will of God, toxins in vaccines, and environmental pollution. Parents reporting regression more often believed that toxins in vaccines caused ASD. Influences on treatment selection and broader public-health ramifications are discussed.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questionnaires, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Parent Attitudes, Correlation, Etiology, Genetic Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Religion, Hazardous Materials, Pollution
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A