ERIC Number: EJ1059039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Comparing Diagnostic Outcomes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Using "DSM-IV-TR" and "DSM-5" Criteria
Harstad, Elizabeth B.; Fogler, Jason; Sideridis, Georgios; Weas, Sarah; Mauras, Carrie; Barbaresi, William J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1437-1450 May 2015
Controversy exists regarding the "DSM-5" criteria for ASD. This study tested the psychometric properties of the "DSM-5" model and determined how well it performed across different gender, IQ, and "DSM-IV-TR" sub-type, using clinically collected data on 227 subjects (median age = 3.95 years, majority had IQ > 70). "DSM-5" was psychometrically superior to the "DSM-IV-TR" model (Comparative Fit Index of 0.970 vs 0.879, respectively). Measurement invariance revealed good model fit across gender and IQ. Younger children tended to meet fewer diagnostic criteria. Those with autistic disorder were more likely to meet social communication and repetitive behaviors criteria (p < 0.001) than those with PDD-NOS. "DSM-5" is a robust model but will identify a different, albeit overlapping population of individuals compared to "DSM-IV-TR."
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Intelligence Quotient, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Psychometrics, Test Validity, Goodness of Fit, Age Differences, Children, Clinical Diagnosis, Interpersonal Competence, Communication Problems, Behavior Problems, Criteria
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A