ERIC Number: EJ1059038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Non-Traumatic Dental Condition-Related Emergency Department Visits and Associated Costs for Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Nakao, Sy; Scott, JoAnna M.; Masterson, Erin E.; Chi, Donald L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1396-1407 May 2015
We analyzed 2010 US National Emergency Department Sample data and ran regression models to test the hypotheses that individuals with ASD are more likely to have non-traumatic dental condition (NTDC)-related emergency department (ED) visits and to incur greater costs for these visits than those without ASD. There were nearly 2.3 million NTDC-related ED visits in 2010. Less than 1.0% (children) and 2.1% (adults) of all ED visits were for NTDC. There was no significant difference in NTDC-related ED visits or costs for children by ASD status. Adults with ASD had significantly lower odds of NTDC-related ED visits (OR 0.39; 95% CI 0.29, 0.52; p < 0.001) but incurred significantly greater mean costs for NTDC-related ED visits (p < 0.006) than did adults without ASD.
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Hypothesis Testing, Hospitals, Costs, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adults, Probability, Dental Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A