ERIC Number: EJ1059015
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
Brief Report: Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS) Detects Individual Variation in Social Responsiveness for Captive Chimpanzees
Faughn, Carley; Marrus, Natasha; Shuman, Jeremy; Ross, Stephen R.; Constantino, John N.; Pruett, John R., Jr.; Povinelli, Daniel J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1483-1488 May 2015
Comparative studies of social responsiveness, a core impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), will enhance our understanding of typical and atypical social behavior. We previously reported a quantitative, cross-species (human-chimpanzee) social responsiveness measure, which included the development of the Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS). Here, we augment our prior CSRS sample with 25 zoo chimpanzees at three sites: combined N = 54. The CSRS demonstrated strong interrater reliability, and low-ranked chimpanzees, on average, displayed higher CSRS scores. The CSRS continues to discriminate variation in chimpanzee social responsiveness, and the association of higher scores with lower chimpanzee social standing has implications for the relationship between autistic traits and human social status. Continued comparative investigations of social responsiveness will enhance our understanding of underlying impairments in ASD, improve early diagnosis, and inform future therapies.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Antisocial Behavior, Animals, Interpersonal Competence, Test Construction, Recreational Facilities, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Neurological Impairments, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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