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ERIC Number: EJ1059010
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0957 7572
Contextmapping in Primary Design and Technology Education: A Fruitful Method to Develop Empathy for and Insight in User Needs
Klapwijk, Remke; Van Doorn, Fenne
International Journal of Technology and Design Education, v25 n2 p151-167 May 2015
Human-centered design is of growing importance for professional designers and in the past two decades a series of techniques for designers to develop understanding of and empathy with a diversity of users has been developed within this field. In the second half of the twentieth century, intended users were involved late in the design process, i.e. during the testing of products or prototypes. More recently, the user is involved in the early phases, when the direction is set. Users have rich local contextual knowledge and can work together with professional designers. Although these techniques are now entering mainstream design education at the university level, they have not yet reached Design and Technology Education in primary and secondary schools. Most teachers do not yet provide opportunities for pupils to conduct research to uncover the needs, wishes, and experiences of specific user groups. However, this understanding of users belongs in D&T education, because artifacts have a dual nature: a physical and an intentional nature. In this paper we describe a Contextmapping method for pupils (aged 9-12 years) and illustrate this with a design project. The assignment for the pupils was to "design a playground in which children and elderly people are active together" in which the pupils developed an understanding of elderly people through Contextmapping.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: service-ny@springer.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A