ERIC Number: EJ1058995
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
The Influence of Task Difficulty and Participant Age on Balance Control in ASD
Graham, Sarah A.; Abbott, Angela E.; Nair, Aarti; Lincoln, Alan J.; Müller, Ralph-Axel; Goble, Daniel J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1419-1427 May 2015
Impairments in sensorimotor integration are reported in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Poor control of balance in challenging balance tasks is one suggested manifestation of these impairments, and is potentially related to ASD symptom severity. Reported balance and symptom severity relationships disregard age as a potential covariate, however, despite its involvement in balance development. We tested balance control during increasingly difficult balance conditions in children with ASD and typically developing peers, and investigated relationships between balance control and diagnostic/symptom severity metrics for participants with ASD, including age as a covariate. Balance deficits in ASD were exacerbated by stance alterations, but were not related to symptom severity when age was considered. These findings support impaired balance in ASD, especially in challenging conditions, but question a link between balance and symptom severity.
Descriptors: Perceptual Motor Coordination, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychomotor Skills, Severity (of Disability), Age Differences, Children, Comparative Analysis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A