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ERIC Number: EJ1058993
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Prevalence of Clinically and Empirically Defined Talents and Strengths in Autism
Meilleur, Andrée-Anne S.; Jelenic, Patricia; Mottron, Laurent
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n5 p1354-1367 May 2015
Outstanding skills, including special isolated skills (SIS) and perceptual peaks (PP) are frequent features of autism. However, their reported prevalence varies between studies and their co-occurrence is unknown. We determined the prevalence of SIS in a large group of 254 autistic individuals and searched for PP in 46 of these autistic individuals and 46 intelligence and age-matched typically developing controls. The prevalence of SIS among autistic individuals was 62.5% and that of PP was 58% (13% in controls). The prevalence of SIS increased with intelligence and age. The existence of an SIS in a particular modality was not associated with the presence of a PP in the same modality. This suggests that talents involve an experience-dependent component in addition to genetically defined alterations of perceptual encoding.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: service-ny@springer.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A