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ERIC Number: EJ1058891
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 84
ISSN: ISSN-1745-4999
Children's National Identity in Multicultural Classrooms in Costa Rica and the United States
Solano-Campos, Ana
Research in Comparative and International Education, v10 n1 p71-94 Mar 2015
The development of healthy national identifications in children and youth has important implications for the construction of democratic citizenries in culturally and linguistically diverse societies. In this comparative qualitative case study of two multicultural public schools-one in the United States and one in Costa Rica--I examined children's understandings of national identity formation. I conducted individual and focus group interviews and ethnographic observations for 12 weeks in each school. I found that children conceptualized national identity using both concrete and abstract elements. In addition, children in each school deployed particular types of narratives to talk about national identifications. Although children in both schools reported ideas of "civic nationality," children in the US school were more likely to express ideas of "ethnic nationality" (Hoyos et al., 2004). Further, children in the US school reported more cosmopolitan perspectives toward national identity than the children in the Costa Rican School. Based on the findings, I suggest expanding research to study the "national identity maps" of children in multicultural contexts.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Costa Rica