ERIC Number: EJ1058778
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
Where's the Wilderness in Wilderness Therapy?
Rutko, Ebony A.; Gillespie, Judy
Journal of Experiential Education, v36 n3 p218-232 Sep 2013
This article seeks to provide a review of the theoretical and empirical literature in the field of wilderness therapy, the intent of which is to gain a greater conceptual understanding of the importance of the physical environment in therapeutic intervention. A review and consolidation of the existing literature reveal that the theories used to explain the outcomes of wilderness therapy relate to variables that are not exclusive to a wilderness setting and may even be amenable to replication in an urban environment. This article raises the question of whether we are unnecessarily taking adolescents into the wilderness if these interventions can be contrived within urban settings or whether there is something about the "wilderness specifically" that is currently missing from the theoretical literature. The article concludes with a discussion of avenues to facilitate this theoretical development.
Descriptors: Physical Environment, Outdoor Education, Intervention, Literature Reviews, Milieu Therapy, Outcomes of Treatment, Educational Theories, Definitions, Concept Formation, Evidence, Interpersonal Relationship, Time Perspective, Figurative Language, Educational Practices, Educational Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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