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ERIC Number: EJ1058175
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-1940-5847
Comparative Study of Children's Current Health Conditions and Health Education in New Zealand and Japan
Watanabe, Kanae; Dickinson, Annette
Contemporary Issues in Education Research, v8 n2 p117-122 2015
In New Zealand (NZ) and Japan, despite comprehensive national health and physical education (HPE) curriculums in schools, there continues to be significant health issues for children. A qualitative interpretative descriptive research method was used to compare how primary school teachers taught HPE in both countries. In NZ, there is some freedom in relation to the school interprets and delivers HPE. However, there is disparity in how the curriculum is delivered between schools in low and high socio-economic areas. In Japan, the government directs the delivery of HPE through government-designated textbooks. Therefore, while there is no disparity between schools, teachers cannot customize health education according to their students' needs. The flexibility of HPE in NZ is both an advantage in that it enables a creative and innovative teaching approach customized to the community in which the school is situated and a disadvantage in that health education is decided not according to the needs of the children but according to the financial resources and teachers' enthusiasm. In Japan, while children receive health education that may be useful for the future, the HPE curriculum does not address current child health issues. Moreover, it is difficult to teach all the content within the government-designed HPE textbook within official designed time for health education. This study's results suggest that both countries need to review the delivery and resourcing of their HPE to ensure that children receive education that addresses their current and future health needs and those of their families.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; New Zealand