ERIC Number: EJ1058120
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
The Influence of Maternal Language Responsiveness on the Expressive Speech Production of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Microanalysis of Mother-Child Play Interactions
Walton, Katherine M.; Ingersoll, Brooke R.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v19 n4 p421-432 May 2015
Adult responsiveness is related to language development both in young typically developing children and in children with autism spectrum disorders, such that parents who use more responsive language with their children have children who develop better language skills over time. This study used a micro-analytic technique to examine how two facets of maternal utterances, relationship to child focus of attention and degree of demandingness, influenced the immediate use of appropriate expressive language of preschool-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (n = 28) and toddlers with typical development (n = 16) within a naturalistic mother-child play session. Mothers' use of follow-in demanding language was most likely to elicit appropriate expressive speech in both children with autism spectrum disorders and children with typical development. For children with autism spectrum disorders, but not children with typical development, mothers' use of orienting cues conferred an additional benefit for expressive speech production. These findings are consistent with the naturalistic behavioral intervention philosophy and suggest that following a child's lead while prompting for language is likely to elicit speech production in children with autism spectrum disorders and children with typical development. Furthermore, using orienting cues may help children with autism spectrum disorders to verbally respond.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Child Relationship, Interaction, Play, Toddlers, Preschool Children, Comparative Analysis, Language Usage, Expressive Language, Interpersonal Communication, Cues, Speech Communication, Video Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales; MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory; Preschool Language Scale; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Bayley Scales of Infant Development