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ERIC Number: EJ1057710
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-1028-3153
International Universities: Misunderstandings and Emerging Models?
Knight, Jane
Journal of Studies in International Education, v19 n2 p107-121 May 2015
Internationalization has transformed higher education institutions and systems but there is much confusion as to what an international, binational, transnational, cosmopolitan, multinational, or global university actually means. There is no standardized model for an international university, nor should there be, but a deeper understanding of different types of international institutions is necessary. This article examines key characteristics of three generic models or generations of international universities. The "classic" model or first generation is an internationalized university with a diversity of international partnerships, international students and staff, and multiple international and intercultural collaborative activities at home and abroad. This is the most common model. The second generation is called the "satellite" model, which includes universities with satellite offices around the world in the form of branch campuses, research centers, and management/contact offices. "Internationally co-founded" universities constitute the third and most recent generation of international universities. These are stand-alone institutions co-founded or co-developed by two or more partner institutions from different countries. This article elaborates on the three models, provides examples of international co-founded institutions, identifies a number of issues and challenges, and poses the question as to what the next model of international universities might look like.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium; China; Germany; Kazakhstan; Netherlands; Oman; Qatar; Singapore; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom