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ERIC Number: EJ1057281
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
The Effect of High- and Low-Frequency Previews and Sentential Fit on Word Skipping during Reading
Angele, Bernhard; Laishley, Abby E.; Rayner, Keith; Liversedge, Simon P.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n4 p1181-1203 Jul 2014
In a previous gaze-contingent boundary experiment, Angele and Rayner (2013) found that readers are likely to skip a word that appears to be the definite article "the" even when syntactic constraints do not allow for articles to occur in that position. In the present study, we investigated whether the word frequency of the preview of a 3-letter target word influences a reader's decision to fixate or skip that word. We found that the word frequency rather than the felicitousness (syntactic fit) of the preview affected how often the upcoming word was skipped. These results indicate that visual information about the upcoming word trumps information from the sentence context when it comes to making a skipping decision. Skipping parafoveal instances of "the" therefore may simply be an extreme case of skipping high-frequency words.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Southampton)
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: HD26765