ERIC Number: EJ1057006
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
The Changing Face of Language Learning: Learning beyond the Classroom
Richards, Jack C.
RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, v46 n1 p5-22 Apr 2015
There are two important dimensions to successful second language learning: what goes on inside the classroom and what goes on outside of the classroom. While language teaching has always been seen as a preparation for out-of-class uses of language, much of the focus in language teaching in the past has typically been on classroom-based language learning. At the same time the limitations of classroom-based learning have been frequently acknowledged. The opportunities for learning or "affordances" available in the classroom are hence quite restricted, consisting of a limited range of discourse and literacy practices. Today, however, the internet, technology and the media, and the use of English in face-to-face as well as virtual social networks provide greater opportunities for meaningful and authentic language use than are available in the classroom. In view of the growing range of opportunities and resources available to support out-of-class learning the paper examines what some of these opportunities are, how they are used, the kinds of learning affordances they provide, and the issues they raise for classroom based teaching as well as second language teacher education.
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Literacy, Second Language Instruction, Teacher Education, Personal Autonomy, Independent Study, English (Second Language), Information Technology, Language Usage, Computer Mediated Communication, Interviews, Native Speakers, Computer Games, Resident Camp Programs, Social Networks, Electronic Mail, Cooperative Learning, Video Technology, Documentaries, Television, Programming (Broadcast)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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