ERIC Number: EJ1056852
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Revisiting the Importance of Knowledge: From Namibia, a Case for Promoting Knowledge by Campaigns to Reduce Stigma
Chung, Adrienne H.; Rimal, Rajiv N.
Health Education & Behavior, v42 n2 p249-256 Apr 2015
Reducing stigma against people living with HIV is key to encouraging HIV testing, which in turn is an important component in the treatment-as-prevention approach. We analyzed nationally representative survey data of participants aged 15 years and older in Namibia (N = 4,300) to determine whether knowledge about HIV and self-efficacy to protect against sexually transmitted HIV would be independently and jointly associated with stigma against people living with HIV, after controlling for demographics. Findings indicated that having less knowledge and feeling less self-efficacy were associated with greater stigma. Our key interaction hypothesis was also supported: stigma among those with lower self-efficacy to reduce risk of sexually transmitted HIV infection was particularly sensitive to the effects of increased knowledge about HIV. Results highlight the importance of enriching knowledge about HIV transmission modes, prevention strategies, and support services among those with low self-efficacy in order to reduce stigma against people living with HIV, and has useful implications for designing anti-stigma campaigns.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Social Bias, Negative Attitudes, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Surveys, Adolescents, Adults, Demography, Knowledge Level, Interviews, Measures (Individuals), Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Namibia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A