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ERIC Number: EJ1056786
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Children's Social Category-Based Giving and Its Correlates: Expectations and Preferences
Renno, Maggie P.; Shutts, Kristin
Developmental Psychology, v51 n4 p533-543 Apr 2015
Do young children use information about gender and race to guide their prosocial gestures, and to what extent is children's selective prosociality related to other intergroup phenomena? Two studies tested 3- to 5-year-old children's allocation of resources to, social preferences for, and expectations about the behaviors of unfamiliar people who varied by gender or race. In both studies, a predominantly White sample of participants gave more resources to same-gender and White children than to other-gender and Black children, respectively. Correlational analyses showed that participants' gender-based giving was related to their social preferences for, and expectations about receiving help from, children who matched their gender. Race-based giving was only related to participants' expectations that they would be more likely to receive help from White than from Black children. The findings show that gender and race can guide children's resource distribution behavior and also provide insight into factors underlying children's allocation decisions.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DGE-1256259; P30HD03352