ERIC Number: EJ1056540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Intonational Phrase Structure Be Primed (Like Syntactic Structure)?
Tooley, Kristen M.; Konopka, Agnieszka E.; Watson, Duane G.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n2 p348-363 Mar 2014
In 3 experiments, we investigated whether intonational phrase structure can be primed. In all experiments, participants listened to sentences in which the presence and location of intonational phrase boundaries were manipulated such that the recording included either no intonational phrase boundaries, a boundary in a structurally dispreferred location, a boundary in a preferred location, or boundaries in both locations. In Experiment 1, participants repeated the sentences to test whether they would reproduce the prosodic structure they had just heard. Experiments 2 and 3 used a prime--target paradigm to evaluate whether the intonational phrase structure heard in the prime sentence might influence that of a novel target sentence. Experiment 1 showed that participants did repeat back sentences that they had just heard with the original intonational phrase structure, yet Experiments 2 and 3 found that exposure to intonational phrase boundaries on prime trials did not influence how a novel target sentence was prosodically phrased. These results suggest that speakers may retain the intonational phrasing of a sentence, but this effect is not long-lived and does not generalize across unrelated sentences. Furthermore, these findings provide no evidence that intonational phrase structure is formulated during a planning stage that is separate from other sources of linguistic information.
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Phrase Structure, Priming, Sentences, Auditory Stimuli, Comparative Analysis, Intonation, Imitation, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Suprasegmentals, College Students, Word Order, Memory, Proximity, Interaction, Syntax
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01 DC008774; T32 HD055272