ERIC Number: EJ1056532
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Testing the Item-Order Account of Design Effects Using the Production Effect
Jonker, Tanya R.; Levene, Merrick; MacLeod, Colin M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n2 p441-448 Mar 2014
A number of memory phenomena evident in recall in within-subject, mixed-lists designs are reduced or eliminated in between-subject, pure-list designs. The item-order account (McDaniel & Bugg, 2008) proposes that differential retention of order information might underlie this pattern. According to this account, order information may be encoded when a common form of processing is used alone in a list (e.g., reading), but not when an unusual form of processing is used (e.g., generation) or when a common form and an unusual form are mixed within a list. The production effect--better memory for words said aloud than for words read silently--shows this same design-contingent pattern. In 2 experiments, we investigated whether differential order retention might underlie the production effect. Consistent with the item-order account, we found that retention of order information was better in pure silent lists than in either pure aloud lists or mixed lists, as measured using an order reconstruction test. Moreover, in Experiment 2, order was better preserved in free recall of pure silent lists than of either pure aloud or mixed lists. Thus, production joins the set of tasks identified by McDaniel and Bugg (2008), and our findings suggest a role for order processing in explaining the production effect.
Descriptors: Memory, Item Analysis, Cognitive Processes, Task Analysis, Word Lists, Oral Reading, Retention (Psychology), Tests, Role, Reading Processes, Word Recognition, Nouns, College Students, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A