ERIC Number: EJ1056511
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
The Production Effect: Costs and Benefits in Free Recall
Jones, Angela C.; Pyc, Mary A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n1 p300-305 Jan 2014
The production effect, the memorial benefit for information read aloud versus silently, has been touted as a simple memory improvement tool. The current experiments were designed to evaluate the relative costs and benefits of production using a free recall paradigm. Results extend beyond prior work showing a production effect only when production is manipulated within subject, not between, using a free recall paradigm. Furthermore, the results also indicate that the production effect is primarily driven by decreased memory for items read silently, not increased memory for items read aloud.
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Silent Reading, Recall (Psychology), Memory, Experiments, Statistical Analysis, Models, Retention (Psychology), Undergraduate Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio