ERIC Number: EJ1056480
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Trial-to-Trial Fluctuations in Attentional State and Their Relation to Intelligence
Unsworth, Nash; McMillan, Brittany D.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n3 p882-891 May 2014
Trial-to-trial fluctuations in attentional state while performing measures of intelligence were examined in the current study. Participants performed various measures of fluid and crystallized intelligence while also providing attentional state ratings prior to each trial. It was found that pre-trial attentional state ratings strongly predicted subsequent trial performance on the fluid intelligence measures, such that when participants rated their current attentional state as highly focused on the current task, performance tended to be high compared to when participants reported their current attentional state as being low and unfocused on the current task. Furthermore, overall attentional state ratings and variability in attentional state ratings were moderately correlated with overall levels of performance on the fluid intelligence measures. However, attentional state ratings did not predict performance on the measure of crystallized intelligence. These results suggest a strong link between variation in attention state and variation in fluid intelligence as postulated by a number of recent theories.
Descriptors: Correlation, Attention Control, Intelligence, Prediction, Task Analysis, Undergraduate Students, Reliability, Statistical Analysis, Individual Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oregon
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A