ERIC Number: EJ1056453
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Use of Geometric Properties of Landmark Arrays for Reorientation Relative to Remote Cities and Local Objects
Mou, Weimin; Nankoo, Jean-François; Zhou, Ruojing; Spetch, Marcia L.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v40 n2 p476-491 Mar 2014
Five experiments investigated how human adults use landmark arrays in the immediate environment to reorient relative to the local environment and relative to remote cities. Participants learned targets' directions with the presence of a proximal 4 poles forming a rectangular shape and an array of more distal poles forming a rectangular shape. Then participants were disoriented and pointed to targets with the presence of the proximal poles or the distal poles. Participants' orientation was estimated by the mean of their pointing error across targets. The targets could be 7 objects in the immediate local environment in which the poles were located or 7 cities around Edmonton (Alberta, Canada) where the experiments occurred. The directions of the 7 cities could be learned from reading a map first and then from pointing to the cities when the poles were presented. The directions of the 7 cities could also be learned from viewing labels of cities moving back and forth in the specific direction in the immediate local environment in which the poles were located. The shape of the array of the distal poles varied in salience by changing the number of poles on each edge of the rectangle (2 vs. 34). The results showed that participants regained their orientation relative to local objects using the distal poles with 2 poles on each edge; participants could not reorient relative to cities using the distal pole array with 2 poles on each edge but could reorient relative to cities using the distal pole array with 34 poles on each edge. These results indicate that use of cues in reorientation depends not only on the cue salience but also on which environment people need to reorient to.
Descriptors: Orientation, Municipalities, Geographic Location, Geometric Concepts, Physical Environment, Foreign Countries, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Edmonton)