ERIC Number: EJ1056191
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Third Grade Students' Mental Models of Blood Circulation Related to Exercise
Pasco, Denis; Ennis, Catherine D.
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, v34 n1 p76-92 Jan 2015
Students' prior knowledge has been identified to play an important role in the learning process through conceptual change. In physical education, positive changes in students' lifestyles may come from changes in their conceptual understanding. In this study 45 third grade students (mean age = 8.54 years) were interviewed during their regular physical education class to examine their mental models and naïve theories of blood circulation related to exercise. Results revealed one initial mental model (when you exercise, your blood goes everywhere in your body) and three synthetic mental models. These mental models were generated under the constraint of a naïve framework theory. Results are discussed in relation to: (a) the nature of gradual growth of students' mental models through enrichment, (b) children's prior experience of the physical world and their subsequent explanations of physiological changes related to exercise, and (c) physical education as a domain-specific knowledge.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Physical Education, Student Attitudes, Models, Cognitive Structures, Visualization, Schemata (Cognition), Prior Learning, Concept Formation, Attitude Change, Semi Structured Interviews, Physical Activities, Credibility
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A