ERIC Number: EJ1056085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
Reducing the Familiarity of Conjunction Lures with Pictures
Lloyd, Marianne E.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n5 p1609-1614 Sep 2013
Four experiments were conducted to test whether conjunction errors were reduced after pictorial encoding and whether the semantic overlap between study and conjunction items would impact error rates. Across 4 experiments, compound words studied with a single-picture had lower conjunction error rates during a recognition test than those words studied with 2 pictures. This effect occurred even when participants were asked to respond quickly (Experiment 3) or to respond positively to any word that overlapped with the study phase (Experiment 2), as well as when the number of pictures shown at study was manipulated within-participants (Experiment 4). The effect of semantic overlap was ambiguous, with only Experiment 2 showing a difference between high and low overlap items. Overall, these results are inconsistent with a metacognitive interpretation of the role of pictures in reducing memory errors and are more consistent with impoverished familiarity after single-picture encoding.
Descriptors: Familiarity, Metacognition, Pictorial Stimuli, Semantics, Role, Memory, Cognitive Processes, Error Patterns, Word Recognition, Item Analysis, Undergraduate Students, Tests, Statistical Analysis, Reaction Time
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey