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ERIC Number: EJ1056033
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Level 2 Perspective Taking Entails Two Processes: Evidence from PRP Experiments
Janczyk, Markus
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n6 p1878-1887 Nov 2013
In many situations people need to mentally adopt the (spatial) perspective of other persons, an ability that is referred to as "Level 2 perspective taking." Its underlying processes have been ascribed to mental self-rotation that can be dissociated from mental object-rotation. Recent findings suggest that perspective taking/self-rotation may not require central capacity. By using the psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm and the locus-of-slack logic, the present study scrutinized these results, ruled out alternative explanations, and extended the conclusions. In sum, the findings converge on the notion that Level 2 perspective taking entails 2 processes: a first effortless process that handles rotations of 60° or less, and a second capacity-limited process of mental self-rotation proper that is only invoked at higher degrees of required perspective taking.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany