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ERIC Number: EJ1056031
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Revisiting Age-of-Acquisition Effects in Spanish Visual Word Recognition: The Role of Item Imageability
Wilson, Maximiliano A.; Cuetos, Fernando; Davies, Rob; Burani, Cristina
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n6 p1842-1859 Nov 2013
Word age-of-acquisition (AoA) affects reading. The mapping hypothesis predicts AoA effects when input--output mappings are arbitrary. In Spanish, the orthography-to-phonology mappings required for word naming are consistent; therefore, no AoA effects are expected. Nevertheless, AoA effects have been found, motivating the present investigation of how AoA can affect reading in Spanish. Four experiments were run to examine reading with a factorial design manipulating AoA and frequency. In Experiments 1 and 2 (immediate and speeded naming), only word frequency affected word naming. In Experiment 3 (lexical decision), both AoA and frequency affected word recognition. In Experiment 4 (immediate naming with highly imageable items), both frequency and AoA affected naming. The results suggest that highly imageable items induce a larger reliance on semantics in reading aloud. Such reliance causes faster naming of earlier acquired words because the corresponding concepts have richer visual and sensory features acquired mainly through direct sensory experience.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A