ERIC Number: EJ1055978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Novel Word Lexicalization and the Prime Lexicality Effect
Qiao, Xiaomei; Forster, Kenneth I.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n4 p1064-1074 Jul 2013
This study investigates how newly learned words are integrated into the first-language lexicon using masked priming. Two lexical decision experiments are reported, with the aim of establishing whether newly learned words behave like real words in a masked form priming experiment. If they do, they should show a prime lexicality effect (PLE), in which less priming is obtained due to form similarity when the prime is a word. In the first experiment, subjects were taught the meanings of novel words that were neighbors of real words, but no PLE was observed; that is, equally strong form priming was obtained for both trained and untrained novel primes. In the second experiment, 4 training sessions were spread over 4 weeks, and under these conditions, a clear PLE was obtained in the final session. It is concluded that lexicalization requires multiple training sessions. Possible explanations of the PLE are discussed.
Descriptors: Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Priming, Training, Learning Processes, Experimental Psychology, Undergraduate Students, English, Statistical Analysis, Pictorial Stimuli, Word Recognition, Memorization, Markov Processes, Monte Carlo Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A