ERIC Number: EJ1055978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Novel Word Lexicalization and the Prime Lexicality Effect
Qiao, Xiaomei; Forster, Kenneth I.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n4 p1064-1074 Jul 2013
This study investigates how newly learned words are integrated into the first-language lexicon using masked priming. Two lexical decision experiments are reported, with the aim of establishing whether newly learned words behave like real words in a masked form priming experiment. If they do, they should show a prime lexicality effect (PLE), in which less priming is obtained due to form similarity when the prime is a word. In the first experiment, subjects were taught the meanings of novel words that were neighbors of real words, but no PLE was observed; that is, equally strong form priming was obtained for both trained and untrained novel primes. In the second experiment, 4 training sessions were spread over 4 weeks, and under these conditions, a clear PLE was obtained in the final session. It is concluded that lexicalization requires multiple training sessions. Possible explanations of the PLE are discussed.
Descriptors: Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Priming, Training, Learning Processes, Experimental Psychology, Undergraduate Students, English, Statistical Analysis, Pictorial Stimuli, Word Recognition, Memorization, Markov Processes, Monte Carlo Methods
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A