ERIC Number: EJ1055941
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Is Word-Problem Solving a Form of Text Comprehension?
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Wang, Amber Y.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v19 n3 p204-223 2015
This study's hypotheses were that (a) word-problem (WP) solving is a form of text comprehension that involves language comprehension processes, working memory, and reasoning, but (b) WP solving differs from other forms of text comprehension by requiring WP-specific language comprehension as well as general language comprehension. At the start of the 2nd grade, children (n = 206; on average, 7 years, 6 months) were assessed on general language comprehension, working memory, nonlinguistic reasoning, processing speed (a control variable), and foundational skill (arithmetic for WPs; word reading for text comprehension). In spring, they were assessed on WP-specific language comprehension, WPs, and text comprehension. Path analytic mediation analysis indicated that effects of general language comprehension on text comprehension were entirely direct, whereas effects of general language comprehension on WPs were partially mediated by WP-specific language. By contrast, effects of working memory and reasoning operated in parallel ways for both outcomes.
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Reading Comprehension, Short Term Memory, Abstract Reasoning, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Skills, Path Analysis, Cognitive Ability, Word Recognition, Listening Comprehension, Language Tests, Mathematics Tests, Achievement Tests, Mastery Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wide Range Achievement Test; Woodcock Reading Mastery Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: R24HD075443; HD15052