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ERIC Number: EJ1055910
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
The Longer We Have to Forget the More We Remember: The Ironic Effect of Postcue Duration in Item-Based Directed Forgetting
Bancroft, Tyler D.; Hockley, William E.; Farquhar, Riley
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n3 p691-699 May 2013
The effects of the duration of remember and forget cues were examined to test the differential rehearsal account of item-based directed forgetting. In Experiments 1 and 2, cues were shown for 300, 600, or 900 ms, and a directed forgetting effect (better recognition of remember than forget items) was found at each duration. In addition, recognition of both remember and forget items increased with cue duration. These 2 effects did not interact. The results of Experiment 2 further showed that memory for the cue associated with the study items increased with cue duration as well. The results of Experiment 1 were replicated in Experiment 3 for cue durations of 1, 2, and 3 s. Finally, a similar pattern of results was found for cue durations of 2, 4, and 6 s for associative recognition of random word pairs. If subjects cannot immediately terminate the processing of forget items, the lingering processing of these items is as beneficial as the continued processing of remember items. Alternatively, subjects may use inefficient or counterproductive strategies that ironically improve memory for the information they wish to forget.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A