ERIC Number: EJ1055902
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Spatial Clustering during Memory Search
Miller, Jonathan F.; Lazarus, Eben M.; Polyn, Sean M.; Kahana, Michael J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v39 n3 p773-781 May 2013
In recalling a list of previously experienced items, participants are known to organize their responses on the basis of the items' semantic and temporal similarities. Here, we examine how spatial information influences the organization of responses in free recall. In Experiment 1, participants studied and subsequently recalled lists of landmarks. In Experiment 2, participants played a game in which they delivered objects to landmarks in a virtual environment and later recalled the delivered objects. Participants in both experiments were simply asked to recall as many items as they could remember in any order. By analyzing the conditional probabilities of recall transitions, we demonstrate strong spatial and temporal organization of studied items in both experiments.
Descriptors: Memory, Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Responses, Organization, Time, Games, Probability, College Students
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Grant or Contract Numbers: MH55687; MH61975