ERIC Number: EJ1055884
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
An Imagination Effect in Learning from Scientific Text
Leopold, Claudia; Mayer, Richard E.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v107 n1 p47-63 Feb 2015
Asking students to imagine the spatial arrangement of the elements in a scientific text constitutes a learning strategy intended to foster deep processing of the instructional material. Two experiments investigated the effects of mental imagery prompts on learning from scientific text. Students read a computer-based text on the human respiratory system (control group), read while being asked to form an image corresponding to each of 9 paragraphs (imagery group), or read while being asked to form an image and with seeing an onscreen drawing before each paragraph (picture-before-imagery group) or after each paragraph (picture-after-imagery group). Imagery prompts facilitated transfer and retention performance compared to a control group on an immediate test (Experiment 1: d = 1.30 on transfer, d = 0.74 on retention) and on a delayed test (Experiment 2: d = 0.86 on transfer, d = 0.98 on retention), but the added drawings had no additional effect. The findings support the imagination principle, which states that people learn more deeply when prompted to form images depicting the spatial arrangement of what they are reading.
Descriptors: Imagination, Scientific and Technical Information, Learning Strategies, Instructional Materials, Cues, Visualization, Visual Aids, Retention (Psychology), Transfer of Training, Comparative Analysis, College Students, Multimedia Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A