ERIC Number: EJ1055807
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 112
The Problems of "Competence" and Alternatives from the Scandinavian Perspective of "Bildung"
Journal of Curriculum Studies, v47 n3 p334-354 2015
The paper aims to show how competence as an educational concept for the 21st century is struggling with theoretical problems for which the concept of "Bildung" in the European tradition can offer alternatives, and to discuss the possibility of developing a sustainable educational concept from the perspectives of competence and "Bildung". The method of the study is conceptual analysis of "competence" and "Bildung". The paper concludes that (1) competence must be abandoned as an educational concept, as its problems cannot be solved due to the lack of a theory of educational content. With competence, the content aspect of education is obscured and hidden from public debate, and human autonomy is threatened. (2) "Bildung" can be revised as an educational concept by reinventing educational content as subject to interpretation and open debate by autonomous individuals on all levels from the transnational to the classroom. (3) A revised "mimetic" concept of "Bildung" can prepare students for the knowledge society, as imagining is a type of higher order thinking essential for innovation and creativity. Instructional content in school is meaningful to students if they are able to imagine the representational object "as if" it is both subject matter and real to them.
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Competence, Sustainability, Course Content, Personal Autonomy, Knowledge Economy, Thinking Skills, Innovation, Creativity, Comparative Analysis, Educational Practices, Aesthetics, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A