ERIC Number: EJ1055803
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Child Maltreatment and Children's Developmental Trajectories in Early to Middle Childhood
Font, Sarah A.; Berger, Lawrence M.
Child Development, v86 n2 p536-556 Mar-Apr 2015
Associations between experiencing child maltreatment and adverse developmental outcomes are widely studied, yet conclusions regarding the extent to which effects are bidirectional, and whether they are likely causal, remain elusive. This study uses the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a birth cohort of 4,898 children followed from birth through age 9. Hierarchical linear modeling and structural equation modeling are employed to estimate associations of maltreatment with cognitive and social-emotional well-being. Results suggest that effects of early childhood maltreatment emerge immediately, though developmental outcomes are also affected by newly occurring maltreatment over time. Additionally, findings indicate that children's early developmental scores predict their subsequent probability of experiencing maltreatment, though to a lesser extent than early maltreatment predicts subsequent developmental outcomes.
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Parent Child Relationship, Child Development, Young Children, Well Being, Cognitive Development, Scores, Predictor Variables, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Structural Equation Models, Causal Models, Risk
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HD36916|R01HD39135|R01HD40421|K01HD054421|P30 HD03352