ERIC Number: EJ1055660
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
How Can Book Reading Close the Word Gap? Five Key Practices from Research
Snell, Emily K.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Wasik, Barbara A.
Reading Teacher, v68 n7 p560-571 Apr 2015
Vocabulary development is critical for children's ability to learn to read and their success at school. Vocabulary has also been identified as a key factor in the achievement gap, with children from low-income families knowing significantly fewer words when they enter school. Although book reading has long been celebrated as an effective way for teachers to introduce children to vocabulary words, teachers have received little specific guidance about exactly which strategies are most effective for teaching children words. In this paper, we review the literature on book reading-focused vocabulary interventions for preschool- and kindergarten-aged children. Findings suggest that teachers should focus on five strategies that boost word learning through book reading, including defining words, discussing and asking questions about the words, rereading books, retelling books, and designing classroom activities that allow children to hear and use new vocabulary throughout the day.
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Intervention, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Books, Class Activities, Reading Ability, Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Definitions, Discussion, Questioning Techniques, Instructional Effectiveness, Story Reading
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A