ERIC Number: EJ1055545
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Varieties of Misdiagnosis in ASD: An Illustrative Case Series
Van Schalkwyk, Gerrit I.; Peluso, Francesco; Qayyum, Zheala; McPartland, James C.; Volkmar, Fred R.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n4 p911-918 Apr 2015
The relationship between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and psychotic disorders (PD) is a focus of continued interest. There are substantial conceptual and clinical difficulties associated with diagnosing comorbid PD in individuals who have ASD. In this case series, we report on five cases where adolescents with previously diagnosed ASD were also diagnosed as psychotic. In each case, we found that these patients' "psychotic" symptoms could be better understood as a part of their underlying ASD diagnosis, with significant implications for treatment, prognosis, and access to services. This misdiagnosis likely represents a combination of adult psychiatrists being relatively inexperienced with this population, and the system of care requiring providers to apply diagnostic labels to justify inpatient hospitalization.
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity, Mental Disorders, Psychosis, Case Studies, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Therapy, Access to Health Care
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A