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ERIC Number: EJ1055289
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Aggression in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and a Clinic-Referred Comparison Group
Farmer, Cristan; Butter, Eric; Mazurek, Micah O.; Cowan, Charles; Lainhart, Janet; Cook, Edwin H.; DeWitt, Mary Beth; Aman, Michael
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v19 n3 p281-291 Apr 2015
A gap exists in the literature regarding aggression in autism spectrum disorders and how this behavior compares to other groups. In this multisite study, the "Children's Scale for Hostility and Aggression: Reactive/Proactive" and the Aggression subscale of the "Child Behavior Checklist" were rated for 414 children with autism spectrum disorder (autistic disorder, 69%; pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, 24%; Asperger's disorder, 7%) and 243 clinic-referred children without autism spectrum disorder, aged 1-21 years (mean age about 7 years). Participants were not selected for aggressive behavior. Relative to the comparison group, children with autism spectrum disorder were reported to have less aggression and were more likely to be rated as reactive rather than proactive. Among all subjects, sex was not associated with aggression; higher IQ/adaptive behavior and older age were associated with more sophisticated types of aggression, while lower scores on IQ, adaptive behavior, and communication measures were associated with more physical aggression. The interaction between demographic variables and diagnosis was significant only for age: younger but not older children with autism spectrum disorder showed less aggression than clinic-referred controls.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Missouri; Ohio; Utah; Washington
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Child Behavior Checklist; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children