ERIC Number: EJ1055257
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Barriers to Participatory Extension in Egypt: Agricultural Workers' Perspectives
McDonough, Chris; Nuberg, Ian K.; Pitchford, Wayne S.
Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, v21 n2 p159-176 2015
Purpose: This paper examines extension practises of agricultural workers within the Egyptian government and the perceived barriers they face in implementing participatory approaches, identifying improvements required in research and extension processes to meet the real needs of Egyptian farming communities. Design/Methodology/Approach: Key barriers for engaging in participatory extension were identified using content analysis of semi-structured interviews, surveys and focus group discussion of 37 government agricultural workers along with participant observation and review of existing literature. Findings: The majority of workers surveyed understood basic participatory extension principles and desired to use these approaches. Changing from traditional 'top down' extension to systems that engage with farmers' needs at the community level is made difficult due to the aging and poorly functioning Village Extension Worker (VEW) network. Thus, it is far easier for the research driven extension programmes to use technology transfer models. Practical Implications: Participatory extension relies on strong relationship building and open communication between farmers, extension workers, researchers, interest groups and policymakers. The Egyptian government must properly establish and resource the pivotal role of VEWs within the extension system to meet its strategic aims of modernising agriculture, developing food security and improving the livelihoods of rural inhabitants. Originality/Value: This paper captures the unique perspectives of government research, extension and education workers involved in agricultural development at a time directly after the 2010 revolution, when they were able to more openly reflect on the past and present situations.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Barriers, Agricultural Occupations, Extension Education, Content Analysis, Semi Structured Interviews, Surveys, Focus Groups, Participant Observation, Rural Areas, Community Characteristics, Extension Agents, Researchers, Government Role, History, Qualitative Research, Coding
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Egypt