ERIC Number: EJ1054951
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Intentions and Trait Self-Control Predict Fruit and Vegetable Consumption during the Transition to First-Year University
Tomasone, Jennifer R.; Meikle, Natasha; Bray, Steven R.
Journal of American College Health, v63 n3 p172-179 2015
Objective: To examine the independent and combined effects of Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables and trait self-control (TSC) in the prediction of fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) among first-year university students. Participants: Seventy-six first-year undergraduate university students. Methods: In their first week of class (September 2011), participants completed baseline measures of TSC, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intentions about their FVC. One week later, students completed a 7-day food recall, from which daily FVC was calculated. Results: Baseline attitudes and perceived behavioral control predicted intentions (adj"R"[superscript 2] = 0.58). Intentions and TSC predicted FVC (adj"R"[superscript 2] = 0.24). Conclusions: The TPB may be a useful framework on which to base a FVC intervention for first-year undergraduate students; however, focusing solely on increasing positive intentions to consume FVC will not necessarily translate into FVC behavior, as other personal- and environmental-level variables may play a role.
Descriptors: Self Control, Eating Habits, Food, Guidelines, Intervention, College Freshmen, Prediction, Student Attitudes, Measures (Individuals), Intention, Student Behavior, Health Behavior, Multiple Regression Analysis, Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Predictor Variables, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada