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ERIC Number: EJ1054490
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 87
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Intensive Reading Remediation in Grade 2 or 3: Are There Effects a Decade Later?
Blachman, Benita A.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Fletcher, Jack M.; Murray, Maria S.; Munger, Kristen A.; Vaughn, Michael G.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v106 n1 p46-57 Feb 2014
Despite data supporting the benefits of early reading interventions, there has been little evaluation of the long-term educational impact of these interventions, with most follow-up studies lasting less than 2 years (Suggate, 2010). This study evaluated reading outcomes more than a decade after the completion of an 8-month reading intervention using a randomized design with 2nd and 3rd graders selected on the basis of poor word-level skills (Blachman et al., 2004). Fifty-eight (84%) of the original 69 participants took part in the study. The treatment group demonstrated a moderate to small effect size advantage on reading and spelling measures over the comparison group. There were statistically significant differences with moderate effect sizes between treatment and comparison groups on standardized measures of word recognition (i.e., Woodcock Basic Skills Cluster, d = 0.53; Woodcock Word Identification, d = 0.62), the primary, but not exclusive, focus of the intervention. Statistical tests on other reading and spelling measures did not reach thresholds for statistical significance. Patterns in the data related to other educational outcomes, such as high school completion, favored the treatment participants, although differences were not significant.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Gray Oral Reading Test; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Wide Range Achievement Test; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement; Woodcock Reading Mastery Test
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R21 HD060791