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ERIC Number: EJ1054430
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1938-8926
Are Perfectionism, Individualism, and Racial Color-Blindness Associated with Less Cultural Sensitivity? Exploring Diversity Awareness in White Prospective Teachers
Wang, Kenneth T.; Castro, Antonio J.; Cunningham, Yu Li
Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, v7 n3 p211-225 Sep 2014
Cultural ideologies of meritocracy and individualism act as strong barriers for college students in understanding the most complex systems of inequity across racial, cultural, and gendered lines. The dichotomous thinking patterns of maladaptive perfectionists may also relate to resistance of multicultural awareness. This study examined whether perfectionism, individualism, and racial color-blindness predicted cultural diversity awareness of prospective teachers. The participants were 239 White undergraduate students enrolled in a teacher education diversity course. Regression analyses results indicated that dispositional factors including perfectionistic discrepancy, vertical individualism, and racial color-blindness all predicted lower levels of cultural diversity awareness. Moreover, mediation analysis results further suggested that the association between vertical individualism and cultural diversity awareness was partially mediated through racial color-blindness. Strategies involving assessment and self-reflection, cognitive dissonance instruction, and perspective enhancement and immersion were discussed.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Marlowe Crowne Social Desirability Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A