ERIC Number: EJ1054399
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Adaptability: How Students' Responses to Uncertainty and Novelty Predict Their Academic and Non-Academic Outcomes
Martin, Andrew J.; Nejad, Harry G.; Colmar, Susan; Liem, Gregory Arief D.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v105 n3 p728-746 Aug 2013
Adaptability is defined as appropriate cognitive, behavioral, and/or affective adjustment in the face of uncertainty and novelty. Building on prior measurement work demonstrating the psychometric properties of an adaptability construct, the present study investigates dispositional predictors (personality, implicit theories) of adaptability, and the role of adaptability in predicting academic (motivation, engagement, disengagement) and non-academic (self-esteem, life satisfaction, sense of meaning and purpose, emotional instability) outcomes. This longitudinal study (2 time points, 1 year apart), involving 969 adolescents from 9 high schools, found that personality (conscientiousness and agreeableness--positively; neuroticism--negatively) and implicit theories (effort-related beliefs about intelligence--positively) significantly predicted adaptability (beyond the effects of socio-demographics and prior achievement). Further, adaptability significantly predicted academic (class participation, school enjoyment, and positive academic intentions--positively; self-handicapping and disengagement--negatively) and non-academic (self-esteem, life satisfaction, and sense of meaning and purpose--positively) outcomes beyond the effects of socio-demographic factors, prior achievement, personality, implicit theories, and 2 cognate correlates (buoyancy and self-regulation). These findings hold implications for researchers and practitioners seeking to understand and address young people's responses to their changing academic and non-academic worlds.
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Student Reaction, Predictor Variables, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, Mental Health, Longitudinal Studies, Personality, Beliefs, Intelligence, Junior High School Students, High School Students, Foreign Countries, Structural Equation Models, Factor Analysis, Correlation, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A