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ERIC Number: EJ1054389
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
The Computer-Based Assessment of Complex Problem Solving and How It Is Influenced by Students' Information and Communication Technology Literacy
Greiff, Samuel; Kretzschmar, André; Müller, Jonas C.; Spinath, Birgit; Martin, Romain
Journal of Educational Psychology, v106 n3 p666-680 Aug 2014
The 21st-century work environment places strong emphasis on nonroutine transversal skills. In an educational context, complex problem solving (CPS) is generally considered an important transversal skill that includes knowledge acquisition and its application in new and interactive situations. The dynamic and interactive nature of CPS requires a computer-based administration of CPS tests such that the assessment of CPS might be partially confounded with information and communication technology (ICT) literacy. To establish CPS as a distinct construct that involves complex cognitive processes not covered by other general cognitive abilities and not related to ICT literacy, it is necessary to investigate the influence of ICT literacy on CPS and on the power of CPS to predict external educational criteria. We did so in 3 different samples of either high school or university students using a variety of instruments to measure ICT literacy and general cognitive ability. Convergent results based on structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analyses across the studies showed that ICT literacy was weakly or moderately related to CPS, and these associations were similar to those between ICT and other general cognitive abilities. Furthermore, the power of CPS to predict external educational criteria over and above general cognitive ability remained even if the influence of ICT literacy on CPS was controlled for. We conclude that CPS is a distinct construct that captures complex cognitive processes not generally found in other assessments of general cognitive ability or of ICT literacy.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment; Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A